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During this reassessment of British imperialism, Willie Thompson examines the underlying social, financial and political forces that facilitated growth throughout the key interval of 1870-1914. Thompson emphasizes that the British Empire was once initially tested via predatory tips on how to satisfy the monetary targets of imperial energy with no regard to the welfare of indigenous people.Thompson examines how expertise, together with the swift advances in communications and army approach, enabled a deeper penetration of latest colonies and the purchase of latest colonies in Africa and Asia. along this, he evaluates Britain's response to adjustments within the foreign political area, together with the imperial enlargement of alternative ecu countries. New overseas relationships validated by means of the British Empire - similar to people with the semi-autonomous payment colonies, corresponding to Australia, and the fully subordinated African territories, in addition to Britain's quasi-colonial preparations with China and the Ottoman Empire - are all thought of extensive. ultimately, he examines the impression of this new imperial ideology on British society.

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14 In short, from a purely economic point of view the United States during the late nineteenth century fulfiled the same role as the settlement colonies, only more so. The main difference from the British point of view was that it did not provide administrative posts or sinecures for the British ruling class and did not constitute part of its global military network. 24 Global Expansion India The position of India was unique. Its role as the base for far eastern trade has been noted, and it grew the opium which initially prised open that market.

In 1872 the British agent Sir Bartle Frere coerced the Arab Sultan of Zanzibar, 26 Global Expansion ruler of a trading empire that had in 1832 shifted its base from the Oman and the nominal overlord of wide domains in East Africa, into putting his signature to a treaty that ostensibly prohibited slave trading within his territories. The question of that commerce and the difficulty of extirpating it by diplomatic or informal means was to be made into a favourite piece of rhetoric employed by the interests promoting commercial penetration and territorial takeover in that part of the continent.

At the same time, the war and eventual victory, although it aroused temporary ecstasies of rejoicing among the British public, stimulated considerable opposition as well, and almost universally unfavourable foreign reaction to British conquest of the republics revealed the degree of international isolation into which the state had drifted and the urgent necessity of mended fences and tighter diplomatic–military ties with one or other of the two European military blocs in the process of formation.

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