By Jean Drèze, Amartya Sen
Analyzing the matter of starvation within the glossy global and the function public opinion could play in combatting it, Dr?ze and Sen the following offer a coherent standpoint at the advanced dietary, financial, social, and political matters interested by the research of starvation. They discover famine prevention via a sequence of case experiences in Africa and in other places, and speak about the matter of continual undernourishment. Sen was once offered the second one Agnelli Prize for the moral measurement in complex Societies in March 1990 in reputation of his impressive contribution to the certainty of the moral measurement in smooth society.
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Extra info for Hunger and Public Action (Wider Studies in Development Economics)
30 HUNGER IN THE MODERN WORLD operations) that affect these movements. Similar lessons can be drawn from other famines as well. One of the central differences between the availability approach and the entitlement approach is the necessarily disaggregative nature of the latter, in contrast with the inherently aggregative perspective presented by the former. While it is possible to calculate how much food a country can command, and while such aggregative calculations of 'total food entitlement' for the economy as a whole may have some analytical value as one of the constituent elements in understanding the food situation affecting a particular economy,16 the idea of entitlements applies ultimately to particular individuals and families.
The policy implications of failure of entitlements of distinct kinds can be quite different. 5. g. 13 The possibly contrary nature of the availability view and the entitlement view can be illustrated by considering the food availability picture during the Bangladesh famine of 1974. 1, the availability of food per head (including food production and net imports) for the Bangladesh population as a whole is given for ten years during 1967-76. Treating the availability in 1967 as the base of the index (100), the availability in 1974—the year of the famine 12 The 'role of theory in policy failures' (particularly in the making of policy relying heavily on an availability theory of famines) was discussed in the context of the 1943 Bengal famine in Sen (1981a), chapter 6.
ENTITLEMENT AND DEPRIVATION 25 understand the relevance of seeing hunger as entitlement failures. 9 Indeed, the relentless persistence of famines and the enormous reach of world hunger, despite the steady and substantial increase in food availability per head, makes it particularly imperative for us to reorientate our approach away from food availability to entitlements. This can be done without losing sight of the elementary fact that food availability must be among the factors that determine the entitlements of different groups of people, and that food production is one of the important determinants of entitlements.