By Marilyn McCord Adams
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Additional info for What Sort of Human Nature?: Medieval Philosophy and the Systematics of Christology
Would not Christ have to take from our fallen state the defect of passibility, indeed of actual participation in our misery, humiliation, and death? Are these not the currency with which he earns merit and makes satisfaction for sin? 126 What Sort of Human Nature? 41 Bonaventure removes the contrary considerations with a series of distinctions. First, there are two types of punishment. Vindictive punishment is inflicted on the guilty willy nilly and is appropriately imposed only on the guilty. Placating punishment, however, is voluntarily assumed and does not presuppose guilt in the person who takes the penalties but rather in the one on whose behalf s/he volunteers.
194 Is growth in any of Christ’s knowledge possible (à la Luke 2:52)? 3. Omnipotence, a Divine Prerogative Aquinas’ claims about Christ’s human knowledge posit in the human soul a remarkable passive capacity to receive information in the form of supernaturally caused acts of seeing God and all things in God, as well as a full set of supernaturally caused intelligible species. Like Lombard, he finds differences between Divine and created natural capacities more telling where active power is concerned.
For if humans had not sinned, they would have been flooded with the light of Divine Wisdom and perfected by the uprightness of justice from God in order to know everything necessary. 163 Unsurprisingly, then, Aquinas calculates the features of the assumed nature from what is “mete and right” for leading Adam’s fallen race back to the perfection intended by God. 1. 169 Indeed, Aquinas declares, these latter include the whole human race in all times and all places, whose members themselves form a descending hierarchy in proportion to their union with Christ—from [i] the closest (the blessed angels and saints) who are united to Him through glory; to [ii] those who are actually united to Him through charity; down to [iii] those who are actually united through faith; and further to [iv] those who are as yet only potentially united because Divine predestination certifies their future actual union; and finally to [v] humans cre- What Sort of Human Nature?